Explain the advantage of Rome’s location. The Tiber River, the Alps, and the Apennine Mountains all provide protection and resources for the Ancient Romans. Have students label the map and explain the importance of these natural landforms. Next, introduce Tarquin the Proud and explain how he was overthrown making way for the new Roman Republic. Explain what a republic is and ask students for similarities to governments in the world today. After this, introduce Julius Caesar and The Great Roman Civil War. Move on to Octavian who became the first emperor of Rome. Explain “Pax Romana” and ask students to imagine how they might keep peace in the country as emperors.