Explain how students can use context clues, own experiences, and pictures to determine if the meaning of a word or phrase is literal or nonliteral. They will read an example of a literal sentence, "The farmer hit the hay with a pitchfork," and an example of a nonliteral sentence, "Makenzie was tired and decided to hit the hay." Students will practice using context clues to determine the meaning of a word or phrase. They will discuss how literal and nonliteral language are used.
Students will read a few short texts and answer questions about a phrase from each text. They will determine whether phrase has a literal or nonliteral meaning. Next, they will sort sentences with bolded phrases into literal or nonliteral meanings. They will then do a similar activity reading 8 sentences and determining whether the phrases have literal or nonliteral meanings.