The Dummies Guide to Pedagogy

27 March 2014 | reading time: 5 minutes

What is Pedagogy?

Pedagogy is the art or science of the teaching profession. It is also the principles, practice and work of a teacher. Education is the process that formulates an influence upon the mind, character or physical ability of a person. Formative means that education will have a long lasting impact on the minds of children after they become adults. In school, children acquire language and mathematical skills that they can use later on in life.

The Social Implications of Pedagogy

Society uses education to send accumulated knowledge, skills and values from one generation to the next. Education is the means for the process of socialization. The learning process and educational achievement are measured through different educational structures and forms. Every individual in western society accumulates knowledge demonstrated through assessments of the acquired knowledge. Western educators use hierarchical structures such as schools and universities. Other forms of education rely upon cooperation, community and inclusion in the form of informal networks, popular education or homeschooling programs. Traditional mainstream education is more of a meritocratic and individualized experience.

Pedagogy Explained

Education is an intentional act of encouraging learning activities through discovery and acquired knowledge. Education is not schooling, a teaching job, or a building where learning occurs. Many teachers view their profession as a method of drilling learning into students based on a plan developed by other educators. Pedagogy should foster informed environments that promote respectful learning to provide hope for a successful future for all learners. Continued learning is rooted in human nature to change both the individual and the surrounding world of a person. Education is a practical, ongoing activity that is a social process for life.

Intelligence and Learning Theories

There are many intelligence theories that attempt to address the ways children learn. IQ (Intelligence Quotient) theory focuses upon intelligence to determine the way children learn. Children’s ability to succeed academically and the ability to become societal leaders also influence IQ intelligence.

Visual/spatial intelligence is the ability to perceive the visual. Visual/spatial learners think in pictures and depend upon pictures, charts and movies to help them retain information by creating mental images. Verbal/linguistic intelligence is the ability to use words in the context of language. Children with this intelligence have very developed auditory skills. Logical/mathematical intelligence is the capability to use reason, logic and numbers. These learners think logically in terms of concepts and numerical patterns. They draw conclusions from various pieces of information.

Bodily/kinaesthetic intelligence is the ability to control bodily movements and skillfully handle objects. These learners express themselves through movement, have a sense of balance and possess eye-hand coordination abilities. They remember and process information by interacting with the space that surrounds them. Musical/rhythmic intelligence is the ability to produce and appreciate music and many of them are very sensitive to the sounds they hear in their surrounding environment.

Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand other people and develop relationships with them. These learners adapt to the viewpoints of others by sensing the feelings, motivation and intentions of other people. Intrapersonal intelligence is an inward, self-reflective ability that helps these learners understand their inner feelings, relationships with others and dreams. They possess a unique understanding of their own strengths and weaknesses.

Individual Learning Styles

A student’s sensory preference determines the individual learning style. Student learners may prefer either the auditory, visual or the tactile/kinaesthetic style of learning. Visual learners are attracted to bright, colorful graphics. These learners retain information by viewing pictures, slides, graphs, films and demonstrations.

Auditory learners benefit the most from listening to recordings that is a review of the information presented to them in class. They learn orally from both listening to instruction from the teacher and audio tapes.  Tactile/kinaesthetic learners absorb knowledge through touch and movement. They prefer to work with hands-on role-playing and other activities that use bodily parts as a mnemonic device. An example is the useof hand-signals.

Print-oriented learners read to acquire knowledge. Interactive learners learn during discussions with other students in small groups or working together with another student. Olfactory learners rely on smell to acquire knowledge. These learners benefit when teachers associate particular smells with certain educational activities in the classroom.

How Pedagogy Helps Learners

Pedagogy is a process of organizing the environment, knowledge, information, activities and people. The smart board is an important teaching tool that teachers can use to help their students learn. Providing students with active, hands-on learning using interactive smart board technology is one way that teachers organize the learning environment.

Teachers use the smart board to develop structured learning activities that have a purpose. Children are exposed to ideas, concepts and relationships both in and out of the classroom. Teachers have control over the learning environments to enable children to continue the learning process from additional sources of knowledge other than through the classroom teacher.

In the environment, teachers organize information through the way their students process this information. Prior experience and knowledge are connected by using the interactive smart board as a learning tool. Teachers create a sense of community within the classroom by organizing students into groups around the smart board. This enables students to learn from one while working on group tasks and pursuing learning activities that match each student’s individual style of learning.

Tactile/kinaesthetic learners are able to touch the smart board screen by moving shapes and objects around the board. Individual student learning objectives are achieved when students write important concepts on the smart board. Audio learners benefit by listening to pre-recorded lessons and watching movies to absorb important lessons. Visual learners learn to solve mathematics problems by watching the teacher solve problems using the smart board. Teachers can use writing prompts to explain important language concepts to visual learners.

Teachers can help students to understand their own learning and classroom performance by providing educational opportunities for learning in the classroom environment using the interactive technology of the smart board and through other educational methods. Teachers are challenged to create bridges of understanding between the knowledge expressed through the subject area and the education of student minds.

How do you help the different kind of learners in your class? Share your experiences in the comments or leave a message on our Facebook page! www.facebook.com/gynzyus

By |2018-07-02T20:08:45+00:0027 March 2014|EdTech|

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