What causes the seasons?

What causes the seasons?

I can identify the seasons and explain what causes them to change.

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What causes the seasons?

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In this lesson, students will review the four seasons and what each of them looks like. They will learn that the change of seasons is caused by the Earth’s tilt and movement around the sun. Students will practice identifying the location of the Earth and the sun for each season.



Learning Objective

Students will be able to explain how the Earth rotates on its axis and revolves around the sun causing changes in seasons.


Have students discuss what their favorite season is. Why is it their favorite? What activities do they enjoy doing during this time? What is the weather like? Review each of the four seasons with the class. Have students drag to sort the images into the correct season.


Begin by explaining that the Earth orbits the sun. It goes around the sun once a year. Students can drag the Earth on the board to bring it around the sun. Next, describe Earth’s rotation and explain that it takes Earth 24 hours to make one complete rotation. After this, explain the Earth’s tilt. Because of the Earth’s tilt, some places get more sun than others. Show students the image on the board and show them the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Which is getting more sunlight in the picture? Show students the Earth’s position during each of the four seasons. Have students drag the season to the correct position of the Earth.


Students respond to ten multiple-choice and true/false questions.


Students spin the wheel and describe the position of the Earth during the season they land on.

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