Using credible sources

Using credible sources

I can accurately identify credible sources of information for research purposes.

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Using credible sources

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In this lesson, students will learn how to evaluate sources for their credibility using the RAVEN Method (for print sources) and the PACE Method (for online sources).



Learning objective

Students will be able to accurately identify credible sources of information for research purposes.


Students will first test their knowledge about reliable sources by answering true or false questions, such as, "If I find it online or in a library, it must be true." Credible sources are important when writing research assignments. They will discuss their thoughts about credible sources: what they are, why they are important, and how to tell if a source is credible.


Students will be introduced to factors they need to consider, such as the purpose of the author or organization, to assess the reliability of sources. They will also ask themselves if the author(s) is credible and if the source was recently published. Students will evaluate a source about the pros and cons of electric cars. They will discuss how they came to their answers with the class.

To check print sources for their credibility, students can use the RAVEN Method: Reputation, Ability to Observe, Vested Interest, Expertise, Neutrality. When evaluating online sources, students can use the PACE Method: Purpose and Content, Authority and Accuracy, Currency, Ease of Use. Students will evaluate a source titled "The Dangers of Bread" and share their thinking process.

They will then discuss some credible sources, such as academic databases and governmental and educational institutions (.gov, .edu). They will also discuss unreliable sources, such as Wikipedia or blogs, that may provide inaccurate information. They will evaluate a source from a .gov website to determine its credibility. They will also evaluate sources to write a (hypothetical) research paper on To Kill a Mockingbird.


Students will answer 6 true/false questions and 4 multiple-choice questions about evaluating credible sources.


Students will recall what they learned in this lesson. Then, they will find two sources: one credible and one non-credible.

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