I can use temporal words and phrases to show a story’s order of events.
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Students learn to use temporal words and phrases to signal event order.
Students will be able to clearly write stories in a logical sequence using temporal words and phrases.
Have students form pairs and ask them to describe what they did this morning before coming to school. They can use the images on the interactive whiteboard as inspiration or suggestions of things they likely did to get ready. Introduce the term temporal words and phrases to the students. Tell what they do and why they are important. Give examples of temporal words and phrases that are commonly used. Explain to students that these temporal words and phrases are used to show sequence, which means that some are used at the beginning of an event or idea, some are for the middle, and some indicate the end. Give examples of all three.
As a class, read the text given and circle all of the temporal words and phrases in the text. Then read the text about the zoo, and drag the words to fill in the blanks. Then give students a story that is out of sequence. First, have students drag the story into order and then ask them to write a temporal word at the top to help sequence the story. Practice sequencing as a class by having students determine the order of Alexa's actions. Then have students turn and talk to determine which temporal words or phrases would help to sequence these events. Then challenge students to write a 5-minute story that tells about a birthday. Make sure students use temporal words and phrases. You can choose to give your class a specific amount of temporal words or phrases they must use. Have students swap their work and underline or circle the temporal words and phrases used by their classmates. Discuss which temporal words or phrases were used most frequently.
Students are given ten questions to check their understanding of key concepts given in the lesson. These questions include asking students to read a short text and select which of the given words are temporal, sequencing a set of given events, and determining which temporal word is used or if it is the beginning, middle or end.
Remind students of the learning goal and that they are now able to use temporal words and phrases to show a story's order of events. This is important because we understand how things happen in a sequence and are better able to follow a story. Close with a writing challenge in which students must write a story that is based on a topic chosen by the spinner.
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