Refer to specific details to draw inferences

Refer to specific details to draw inferences

I can identify explicit and inferred information when I read a passage.

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Refer to specific details to draw inferences

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Students will learn about explicit and inferred information. They will read and discuss various informational texts and images, and use both kinds of information to answer questions. They will practice using different strategies to make inferences and even ask their own questions!



Learning objective

Students will be able to refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.


Students begin by looking at a picture of two baby birds and making observations. Next, encourage them to think a little deeper. For example, they might ask themselves, “Why are the birds alone? Why are their mouths open?” Show students another picture and have them read the observations provided. Are these observations you can find right in the picture, or not?


Explain that some information cannot be found right in the picture. It is inferred. This means that you must use clues to figure out information about the things you don’t see. Give students some tips for making inferences like using prior knowledge and personal experience. Have students read the poster and making inferences. Next, explain what literal questions are and read the passage. Students will answer the literal questions and highlight the text to show where they found the information. Read another passage and answer the literal questions. Then have students think of two more literal questions of their own. Finally, read the next passage and the statements. Drag a checkmark to the explicit statements and a star to the statements that can be inferred.


Students respond to ten questions. They will read a passage and draw inference and respond to literal questions.


Students will share a statement about themselves with their classmates. Then they will choose a classmate to ask a question based on something they can infer. For example, if a student states that they like to go camping, a classmate might infer that they have been to a national park and ask the question, “How many national parks have you been to?”

Read our blog post to learn more about reading comprehension exercises!

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