Reading inflectional endings: -ing and -ed

Reading inflectional endings: -ing and -ed

I can understand and read inflectional endings.

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Reading inflectional endings: -ing and -ed

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In this lesson, students will learn about the inflectional endings, -ed and -ing, and how they modifying the meaning of words. They will do a series of activities to identify these words and understand their meanings.



Learning objective

Students will be able to understand and read inflectional endings.


Students will talk to a partner about one thing they did yesterday and one thing they will do today. Explain that inflectional endings are a group of letters added to the end of words to change the meaning of the word, like "played." They may have used inflectional endings without even realizing it. Discuss why inflectional endings are important to know about.


Introduce the inflectional ending, -ed, that shows an action has already happened. Read through examples of -ed words. Introduce the inflectional ending, -ing, and go over examples. Students will look at a list of words and circle all the actions that have already happened, as well as the actions that are happening right now. Next, they will complete sentences by dragging the correct inflectional endings to the words. They will also read a story about John and Liz in class and determine whether the story is happening now or has already happened. They will do the same with a story about Jasmine and Fred on the playground.

Students will write a story that has already happened about a picture of students working in groups. They will also write a story that is currently happening about a picture of a boy and a dog at a park. Then, they will sort words into the categories: "happening now" and "already happened."


Students will respond to ten questions in which they determine the correct ending for a word and practice more with -ed and -ing.


Students will recall what they learned about inflectional endings.
- What inflectional endings did you learn today?
- Why are inflectional endings important?

To close out the lesson, students will spin the wheel and modify the word they land on so the action has already happened or is either happening right now.

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