Number bond charts to 20

Number bond charts to 20

Number bond charts to 20

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Number bond charts to 20

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Students practice decomposing numbers to 20 using and completing number bond charts.


It is useful to be able to decompose numbers if you want to divide objects into two groups. An example is if you are going to hand out books with another student. The one student gets 12 and the other 8. Ask students to come up with other examples.


Students practice composing numbers to 15 with blocks. For example, the first students sets down 13 blocks and the second student must compose 15 by adding 2 more blocks to the 13. They take turns.


Show that you can decompose numbers in different ways. Use the eggs to demonstrate decomposing the number 18. Show that you can turn that into 10 and 8, but also 12 and 6. This is called decomposing a number. If you already have one of the numbers, you simply count on to see how many are needed. Explain that that is called composing a number. Show the number bond chart of 12. Show all decompositions of 12 and say that you can always switch the numbers in a number bond. Students practice decomposing 13 and 14 by dragging objects on the board and completing the number bond charts. There are also decompositions where you only get a number without any objects. Ask students to do the decomposition in their heads, but allow them to use blocks as support. Ask them to complete the number bond chart for 16. Notice that the numbers are switched.

Check that students understand by asking the following questions:
- What does it mean to decompose a number?
- Can you name a decomposition (number bond) of 17?
- What is a number bond chart? (shows the decompositions of a number)

Guided Practice

Students practice decomposition first by completing a number bond chart with objects as visual support and then move to completing a number bond chart with only the number given.


Discuss why it is useful to be able to decompose numbers. You can divide objects into two groups in different ways. Check that students can complete the number bond charts. Use the exercise with cherries to help restate learning goals.

Teaching Tip

Students who find this goal challenging can use manipulatives while completing the number bond charts to show their decompositions.

Instruction materials

books, blocks

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