Indus River Civilizations

Indus River Civilizations

I can identify key aspects of the Indus River Valley civilizations including the

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Indus River Civilizations

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Students learn about the geography, environmental challenges, and way of life in the Indus Valley Civilizations. The lesson describes both the Harappan and Mohenjo-daro civilizations. Students participate in a fill-in-the-blank activity, use graphic organizers, and compare what they’ve learned in this lesson to what they have learned about other ancient civilizations.

Learning Objective

Students will be able to analyze the culture, geography, history, and daily life of the Indus River Civilizations. They will also be able to describe how the physical characteristics of river valleys supported permanent settlements and the rise of early civilizations.


Have students observe the two pictures on the board. Then they will try to predict the answers to questions about the Indus River Civilizations based on what they observe. After this, explain the location and geography, including the surrounding rivers and mountain ranges.


Discuss the significance of the monsoons and other geographic features. Have students drag the pin to locate different features on the map. Next, describe the Harappan civilization and their accomplishments, like the formation of sewers and planned communities. Discuss some of the different jobs and compare them to the jobs we see in our communities today. Describe the language and other customs of this civilization, then have students fill in the blanks of the statements on the board. Discuss some of the factors that may have contributed to the fall of the Indus River Civilizations. Finally, have students fill in a graphic organizer, brainstorming the accomplishments of the Harappan and Mohenjo-Daro civilizations.


Check student understanding with ten multiple-choice and true or false questions.


Students pretend to be historians and write a journal entry comparing and contrasting the Indus River civilizations with another ancient civilization they have learned about.

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