Identify the 5Ws and How
Identify the 5Ws and How

Identify the 5Ws and How

I can identify and answer who? what? where? when? why? and how?

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The who, what, where, when, why, and how of a text gives readers a framework by which to gather the most important details of a piece of writing.

In this lesson, students practice identifying these essential details. They are given short prompts with the task of pulling out the six core details.



Learning Objective

Students will be able to identify and answer the who, what, where, when, why, and how of a text.


Students will look at a picture of kids playing outside and answer the questions: "Who is in the picture? What are they doing? Where are they? When is this happening?" Explain why asking the 5Ws and How about a text can help students understand the text better.


Show students the questions they can ask while reading. Students will read a passage about a pet adoption day. They will answer Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How questions. Next, they will read a passage about a school spelling bee and highlight important parts of the passage. They will then read sentences and fill in the blanks with words that answer the essential questions. Finally, students read a passage about a dance recital. They will drag answers to the correct question box.


Students are given ten questions. One word in a given sentence is in bold, and students are asked to identify which of the core six details the word describes.


The closing activity asks students to pick a very popular story, such as the Three Little Pigs or Hansel & Gretel, and identify the 5 W's and how of that story!

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