Comparing text structures: Chronology & Problem/ Solution
Comparing text structures: Chronology & Problem/ Solution

Comparing text structures: Chronology & Problem/ Solution

I can compare and contrast the structure of information across two texts.

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In this lesson, students read two informational texts and compare the text structures: chronological order and problem & solution. They will practice identifying the clue words that help them determine the text structures and will come up to the board to highlight those words.

Common core standards


Learning Objective

Students will be able to compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.


At the start of the lesson, students will share their favorite books. Then they will discuss why they think the author wrote those books. Remind students that authors often write to persuade, inform, or entertain. The author’s purpose can also be more specific and the text structure they use to organize the text can help us determine the author’s reason for writing. Review the five different text structures: compare and contrast, cause/effect, problem/solution, chronological order, and description.


Go over chronological order and problem/solution in more depth and explain that students should look for certain clue words, like dates and other time words for chronological order and problem/solution words. After this, students will read two passages about space travel. One will be written in chronological order and one with the text structure of problem and solution. Have students determine the author’s purpose and highlight the clue words in the passage.


Students respond to 10 multiple-choice and true or false questions. They will read two passages and compare the text structures.


Students will read two texts about Harriet Tubman and compare the text structures while also highlighting evidence from the text.

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