Comparing animals: guinea pigs & rabbits, turtles & crabs, etc.

Comparing animals: guinea pigs & rabbits, turtles & crabs, etc.

I can compare and contrast different animals.

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Comparing animals: guinea pigs & rabbits, turtles & crabs, etc.

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In this lesson, students learn what it means to compare and contrast and practice by using sentence starters, Venn diagrams, and double bubble maps. Practice comparing and contrasting guinea pigs and rabbits, turtles and crabs, and flamingos and swans.


1-LS1-1; 1-LS1-2; (LS3.B: Variation of Traits)

Learning Objective

Students will be able to identify the similarities and differences between two animals.


Students will be asked to observe two pictures, a basketball and a soccer ball. How are they the same? How are they different? Explain what it means to compare and contrast, and tell students that they can use the following sentence starters: “They are the same because…” and “They are different because...”


Begin by modeling the skill and comparing guinea pigs and rabbits. Read the text and the response of the student on the board. Then show students the Venn diagram and the double bubble map, and explain where the information goes. After modeling, have students do the same for flamingos and swans. Have them read the informational text and explain the similarities and differences using their sentence starters. What do they notice is different and the same between the two animals? Have them drag the characteristics to the correct place in the Venn diagram and fill in the bubble map. Follow the same procedure for sea turtles and crabs. As they read, students can underline specific details.


Students respond to ten multiple-choice and true/false questions. They will be shown pictures of the animals discussed in the lesson and make comparisons.


Review the skill of comparing and contrasting and recall some information about the animals discussed. Students will pick any two animals from this lesson or from their own knowledge and fill in the Venn diagram. They can also choose to fill in the double bubble map on the following slide instead.

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