 Addition with decimal numbers with 1 and 2 decimal places

# Addition with decimal numbers with 1 and 2 decimal places

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## General

Students learn to add decimal numbers that have 1 and 2 decimal places. They also learn to determine which numbers are important in a story problem.

5.NBT.B.7

## Relevance

Discuss with students that it is important to be able to add with decimal numbers with 1 and 2 decimal places, because they you can determine how much something costs, for example.

## Introduction

Students practice counting on with decimal numbers with 1 or 2 decimal places. Using the snake, students add decimal numbers with 1 decimal place. Using the string, have students add decimal numbers with 2 decimal places. Divide the starting numbers between the groups of students. If you have more than 6 groups in class, you can add other starting numbers.
Example: group 1 gets the number 4. They start at the tail of the snake and go towards the head. The addition problem becomes 4+0.3= 4.3. Now they add 0.3. They continue until they reach the last square. Check the totals together.

## Development

Students are then given a story problem. Explain to students what the steps of solving a story problem are and then solve together as a class. Using the example with chickens, add them together. Give students a story problem and ask them to solve using the given steps. Check their answers.

Check that students understand adding decimal numbers with 1 and 2 decimal numbers together by asking the following questions:
- Which methods can you use to solve adding decimal numbers with 1 and 2 decimal places?
- Which method do you like?
- How do you solve a story problem?
- What are the steps of solving a story problem?

## Guided practice

Students first practice with adding decimal numbers with 1 and 2 decimal places. They are then given a story problem to solve and they must determine which decimal numbers to use for their addition problem.

## Closing

Check that students are able to tell the methods that can be used to solve addition problems with decimal numbers with 1 and 2 decimal places. Also ask students to share how to solve a story problem and which steps you should take. Check their understanding using the addition problems on the interactive whiteboard.
In the last exercise, students try to find the total that matches the prize. You can do this in different ways. Students can work in groups, or give individual answers (A/B/C) on a mini dry erase board or sheet of paper. To increase excitement by choosing when to set a cover over an answer. You can erase grey squares to show which answers are correct or incorrect.

## Teaching tips

Students who have difficulty with adding decimal numbers with 1 and 2 decimal places can first practice setting decimal numbers on the number line. Select a decimal number with 1 decimal place and ask students to add 0.1 each time. Then practice going from 0.9 to 1. They can then be further supported by using a decimal place value chart to see the difference between decimal numbers with 1 or 2 decimal places.

## Instruction materials

Number line
Optional: Decimal Place Value Chart 