Teach students about adaptations. Explain that plants have adaptations in order to be able to obtain more resources, to satisfy needs, or for protection. Explain to students they will learn about some common plant adaptations present in rainforest plants that help them to survive in the rainforest’s unique climate. Teach students about the following plants and adaptations: tall and thin tree trunks, smooth tree bark, drip tip leaves, lianas, buttresses, and epiphytes. Afterward, students can engage in the following activities:
First, students will practice looking at two different pictures that show plants in the rainforest. Students can come up to the board and drag the magnifying glass over the picture to find different examples of plant adaptations. Students can then explain how those adaptations help the plant to survive. Afterward, students will participate in an activity where they are presented with puzzle pieces that are either a plant adaptation or the explanation of the adaptation’s purpose. Students have to pair up the puzzle pieces to match the adaptation to its purpose. For the final activity, students get to create their own rainforest tree. They will sketch an illustration of their tree. Encourage the students to label the plant too. Then, students can write out a paragraph explaining the tree and its adaptations.