Students will look at 3 steps they should always follow when looking for text evidence: 1) Identify the answer or opinion you want to prove. 2) Reread the text carefully. 3) Locate specific evidence, or proof, in the text. 4) Identify the evidence. If quoting, use the exact words and quotation marks. If paraphrasing, use your own words.
Students will be introduced to a way to easily remember how to cite evidence: ACE (Answer the question being asked. Cite evidence from the text. Explain your answer using your prior knowledge and examples from the text and personal experiences.). Next, students will look at phrases, such as, "The author wrote..." and "According to text..." they can use to cite evidence.
Students will read a paragraph about Levi Strauss and the Gold Rush. After reading, they will first answer a question about the text themselves and then find the answer in the text. Students will write the answer citing evidence from the text with one of the phrases they learned before. They will do a similar activity with paragraphs about volcanos, climate change, and the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.