Explain what a cause and effect relationship is and read the passage about Jackie Robinson. As a class, determine the cause and effect connections. Next, go over sequencing, and read about the invention of paper in ancient China. As a class, sequence the events. After this, read the passage about Harriet Tubman and have students draw a line to match the cause to the appropriate effect. Students then complete the sequencing maze for this text. Next, read the passage about the invention of the telephone and practice making connections.