Describe the attacks on Pearl Harbor and discuss why Japan took this action. Explain that the attack came as a complete surprise to the United States. Have students reflect on other “surprise attacks” they can think of that have had a significant historical impact. Next, watch and analyze a video of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s “Day of Infamy” speech. You might choose to have students work in groups to analyze and respond to the discussion questions.
Students will then drag the countries into the correct box (Axis Powers or Allied Powers). Have students observe the image of the poster on the interactive whiteboard. Students will analyze the image with the provided questions. Students will then learn about the Japanese internment camps and the tragic effects of this course of action. Students will reflect on this part of our history and fill out a graphic organizer recalling the causes and effects they’ve learned about in the lesson.