A prefix is a combination of letters that goes at the beginning of a root word to alter the meaning of it. Being able to recognize prefixes helps us be able to quickly identify a wide variety of words, and even to guess at their meaning when we aren't exactly sure. Common prefixes include:
- re- - dis- - un- - in-
To test if something is a prefix, or just uses the same letters as a common prefix, remove the letters from the word. If what's leftover is no longer a word, then the letters were not a prefix.
Students will be able to identify, understand, and use the most common prefixes.
Students will look at the words, "marked," "laughing," and "afternoon," and circle words they know within those words. Explain how words can be changed to become past tense, compound words, or present progressive.
A prefix is located at the beginning of a root word. Students will read many words with prefixes. Then, they will add prefixes to root words to make new words. Explain how negative prefixes, such as "in-," "un-," and "dis-," work. Students will read sentences and complete them with words with negative prefixes.
These exercises help students answer larger questions surrounding prefixes. Multiple examples are also included so students can practice identifying correct versus incorrect usage of prefixes.
Students are asked to reflect, why do we use prefixes?
They are then given a challenge: how many prefixes can you name in one minute?
Combine this lesson with other English lessons from Gynzy to help your students become better readers and writers.